This article provides information on wasps for children and adults. Interesting facts about wasps.
What does a wasp look like?
A wasp can be mistaken for its closest relative - a bee. Wasps belong to the order Hymenoptera. This also includes bees, bumblebees, ants. But wasps have a number of differences, in other articles we talked about bees, their features. Today we consider interesting facts about wasps.
The structure of the body of the wasp makes it clear why these insects are assigned to the suborder of stalk-bellied. The chest and abdomen of the wasp are divided into two parts. The beautiful, narrow waist of girls and women is called the "aspen waist" precisely for this reason.
Important: Due to the structure of the wasp, the expression “wasp waist” has come to the people, personifying the harmony and beauty of the female figure.
A wasp is hardly thinking about the beauty of its body, but it gives other advantages to this structure. For example, due to its anatomical structure, a wasp can sting its victim at any angle without effort. This contributes to the fact that the wasp wins in battles with other, larger insects.What does a wasp look like?
The wasp can be accurately identified by its bright color. The body of the insect is divided by black and yellow stripes of bright color. This type of wasp is most often found in our latitudes, the family is called paper wasps. But there are other types of wasps, for example:
- Digging wasps
- Glitter Wasps
- Road wasp
Not all wasps are black and yellow. Emerald-colored glitter wasps with a metallic sheen. Road wasps are black in color with red spots, less often with white or yellow spots. Typhoid wasps are dark in color with reddish paws. The sizes of wasps can also be different:
- Typhias reach a size of 1-1.5 cm;
- Giant individuals of oskoli can have a body length of 3 to 5 cm;
- Sparkle - small, body length not more than 1.5 cm;
- Paper wasps are as large as bees.
- Hornets reach a size of 2.5-3 cm.
Depending on the type of wasp, they lead a different way of life, they can live in hollows of trees or burrows. Below are photos of different types of wasps.Glitter Wasp Road wasp Wasp typhus It looks like a hornet
Can wasps give honey?
Often, wasps are compared to bees. A logical question arises: do wasps give honey? Some types of wasps are able to make honey. Others do not.
Important: Wasps are common throughout the world. In certain parts of the globe, different species of wasps live. Those wasps that live on the territory of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, are not able to produce honey.
In the cells of wasp honeycombs you can see a small amount of a substance similar to honey. This is nectar collected from plants, processed and having a characteristic floral aroma. But its consistency is different from bee honey, such honey is suitable only for eating wasps. Insects produce it in such a small amount, which is sufficient only to feed the insects directly. Therefore, hornet honey is not of interest for the flight.
In the world there is a species of wasps whose honey people eat. Such wasps live in Mexico and Brazil. A variety of wasps received the corresponding name - Mexican honey wasp. The rural population sometimes uses this honey for food.
Important: Wasp honey is not a valuable nutritious product. Unlike a bee, a wasp does not have such enzymes that can provide honey with its nutritional properties.
Video: Varieties of wasps
Wasp sting: benefit or harm?
Wasps can sting a person. These bites are not always a defensive reaction. It often happens that wasps attack a person for no apparent reason.
When comparing wasps with bees, it should be understood that a bee will almost never sting a person if he does not pose a danger to her. Wasps also bite if you open their nest, if suddenly the wasp gets entangled in the folds of clothes or human hair. But there is an unfounded opinion that wasps are aggressors. One wasp is able to repeatedly sting a person at the same time. In this way her sting and body are arranged. Often, wasps do not attack alone, but several at once. In this case, a person has practically no chance to emerge victorious from the so-called battle.
Important: Wasp stings are very painful, much more painful than a bee sting. The reason is aspen poison. Wasp venom includes a large amount of histamine - a substance that provokes an allergic reaction.
Opinions about the benefits of wasp bites are mixed. There are studies in which it was proved that Brazilian wasps by bites destroy cancer cells without damaging healthy cells.
In our area, such a species of wasps is not found. And about the harm from the bites of information was much more than about the benefits.
What harm can bites do?
- A person can develop a serious allergic reaction, manifested by Quincke's edema, pain, fever.
- If a person has an allergy, then bites can be fatal.
Wasp stings can be difficult to tolerate by a person: headaches, dry mouth, nausea and dizziness, palpitations, up to loss of consciousness and anaphylactic shock are possible.Wasp sting: benefit or harm
Is it possible to be treated with wasp stings?
Important: In alternative medicine, there is a direction - apitherapy. This is a treatment by stinging a person with bees. As for wasps, wasp stinging is not practiced.
This happens for several reasons:
- There is no practice in which beekeepers or specialist apitherapists breed wasps for treatment.
- The harm from wasp stings is potentially more than good.
- Wasp stings are very painful for people.
If you or someone you know is being treated for wasp sting, do not believe such specialists.
If you were bitten by a wasp, you should immediately take action:
- The first thing to do is to leave the place of collision with wasps.
- Second: apply a cold compress to the bite site.
- Third: take an antihistamine.
- Fourth: treat the bite site with a special ointment for insect bites, or remove the swelling with the help of folk remedies.
Important to know what can not doif a wasp stings you:
- Trying to kill a wasp, the likelihood that it will sting you is repeatedly increased.
- You can not squeeze a sting, this can contribute to the penetration of poison into the bloodstream.
- You can not comb the place of the bite, since the poison will spread in the subcutaneous tissue.
What are wasps useful for?
Despite the inability of the wasps to produce honey, given the harm from the bites of these insects, many people believe that the wasp is a useless insect. Often you can hear the opinion that wasps should be exterminated.
In fact, this is not at all the case. Our nature is structured in such a way that useless creatures simply do not exist in it. So with wasps. These insects are an important part of the fauna, why, find out below.
Wasps on their legs carry pollen, which pollinates plants. And plant pollination is an important biological process, without which it is impossible to obtain fruits, berries, fruits and other vital plant products. Wasps collect nectar along with bees, and help each other do important work for humanity.
Wasps are also a kind of orderlies in our gardens and parks. They feed on harmful insects that harm fruit and garden trees, shrubs, flowers, vegetables in the beds.
Wasps eat the following harmful insects:
- Weevil beetles
- Leaf beetles
- Bed bugs
Important: Wasps kill insects with such activity that can only be compared with the hard work of ants. Many gardeners on their sites specifically plant plants that attract wasps.
Plants that attract wasps:
Wasps feed insect pests of their larvae, because the larvae need a large amount of protein. Dozens of insects daily bring wasps to their nests. Wasps can easily defeat an insect that is larger than them. Wasps also use the body of insects to lay eggs. The digging bee uses the body of a bear for these purposes.The benefits of wasps
Why are wasps dangerous?
Wasps along with the benefits to plants can be harmful. Consider the danger of wasps:
- The neighborhood with bees threatens with bites. Wasps can guard their nest quite aggressively, we already spoke about the harm from a bee sting.
- Wasps feed on not only insects or nectar, they do not disdain fruit with decay, and also fly near cesspools. Therefore, wasps can become carriers of intestinal infections.
- In addition, wasps can spoil fruits in search of food.
- Hornets harm plants by gnawing on bark.
Important: Despite the benefits of wasps, it is better to avoid their proximity, especially if there are children. Restless children in the process of playing outdoors can stumble on a hornet’s nest, then the troubles can not be avoided.
Where do the wasps live, what are the nests made of?
Wasps are not picky about choosing a place of residence. They can make a nest in the barn, on the balcony, under the canopy of the house, in the trees. You can meet wasps in the parks. Wasps build nests where necessary, even on a small pebble a nest can grow, accommodating about a thousand individuals. Wasps can build nests in the ground.
Important: It is often said that wasps were the first inventors of paper. They make their nests out of paper.
How does this happen? Wasps gnaw at wood and chew it. Thanks to special saliva enzymes, the wood is crushed and turned into paper. For this reason, public wasps are called paper wasps. Here's what a hornet’s nest looks like.Hornet's nest under construction
The nest of wasps begins after spring awakening. The "foundation" of the nest is laid by the uterus, then the colony of wasps joins the construction. Wasps erect their nests very quickly. The uterus is located in the very center of the nest. This part of the nest is built by wasps from the strongest wood materials.Ready hornet's nest
A paper hornet's nest serves as a temporary shelter for insects. Wasps live in it in spring and summer. With the onset of cold weather, wasps fly away in search of a place for wintering:
- Some of them settle in rotten hollows;
- Others hide in crevices of trees;
- Also, wasps use plots of land under fallen leaves as a winter refuge.
Those wasps that remain in the paper nest are doomed to death. The size of an aspen nest may be the size of a walnut, but the largest sizes can be, like a basketball.
Video: What happens if you open a nest with wasps?
What attracts a wasp next to a person?
- Wasps in the summer flock to the smell of sweets, fruits, sugary drinks, preserves, watermelons.
- Wasps also revolve around the garbage can, so it is recommended to close the waste bucket with a lid.
- The smell of perfume and sweat does not like wasps.
- Wasps react to the bright colors of clothes.
If you have to pass by wasps, try to go calmly, not to wave your hands. If you were bitten by one wasp, others may fly into the smell of poison, wasps thinly feel it.
One cannot judge wasps unambiguously. On the one hand, these insects protect the garden from pests. On the other hand, they can sting mercilessly sting people, bringing a huge risk to health and life. Most people hold a fair opinion that it is better to stay away from these insects.