The topic of suffixes in the third grade is complex, as children are constantly confused and may not correctly distinguish them, confusing with the ending or root. The article describes the rules of the Russian language on this topic and the typical mistakes of students.
In the 3rd grade, students learn to parse words by composition and find parts of speech. The ending, for example, differs from the suffix in that its shape changes depending on the case and other declensions. The suffix remains the same part of the word. But how to distinguish it from the ending and how to understand that it is a suffix? Read about it later.
How to distinguish a suffix from the end of class 3: for a verb, noun, adjective, with examplesSuffixes
In the process of learning, students remember what suffixes are, since this part of the word is always unchangeable. But in the third grade it is still difficult for the child to understand what a suffix is, what suffixes are and how they differ from the end.
To distinguish a ending from a suffix, one should understand that the ending is a morpheme that changes depending on cases and numbers. If we put another question to the word, then it will change. For example:
- Table, tablebuttableattableetableom
- Chair, chairbutchairechairatchairom
- Yours yourshimyourhis
The suffix serves to form the word and it does not change depending on the construction of the sentence, as the ending. However, some alternation of suffixes can still be.
- For example, the oldear-a-old-earth.
The suffix can vary and it depends on the word form:
- Colour-OK, Colour-eyeball, Colour-ik,
That is, if you need to put another word form in the sentence, then we must change the suffix:
- Learntel loves his job.
- TeacherckThe first office is on the third floor.
- Teacherstabout - this is a favorite thing in the life of Irina Ivanovna.
It is important to know: There are few suffixes that form word forms in Russian. More important are similar morphemes of adjectives and verbs in different degrees and tenses.
Different degrees of adjectives - morphemes:
- Earl, find outlcomel, is ourl
Imperative verb mood:
- Vedasand, berandcareand
Many morphemes in nouns show a number - many. and unit:
- Citizens - Citizensin
- Son - sonovI
- Utyata - utenOK
There are suffix morphemes indicating an indirect case of a noun:
- Time is timeenand
They will not always face the end. In the Russian language there are cases when this word-formation meaning is after the end.
- In the verbs of imperative in many. number of: let's gothose, hearthose
- Return Suffix: washessyataughtsmiling
- Indefinite pronouns (spelled!): somethensomeor
Sometimes, when highlighting such a derivational meaning, a child gets confused if there are several suffixes in a word. Read on.
How to find out how many suffixes in a word?
The suffix must be sought after the base of the word form, before ending. There are words without educational meanings, just as there are word forms with several suffixes: to teach, to teach. How to understand how many suffixes are in the word form?
You just need to learn all the suffixes that can be found in Russian. When you disassemble the word into parts, you will already see one suffix in it or two. Below is a table with possible suffixes for parts of speech. Try to learn them in order to prevent mistakes later:
Noun suffixes:Noun Suffixes
Continued - suffixes of nouns:Continued - Noun Suffixes
Adjective Name Suffixes:Adjective Name Suffixes
Verb suffixes:Verb Suffixes
Here is an example of parsing a word with two educational meanings. See how easy it is if you learn the rules, words and think when parsing the word form.Parsing a word with two suffixes
How to highlight a suffix in a word: typical mistakes
Pay attention to the mistakes that can be made when highlighting certain morphemes in different word forms. Part of the root and part of another suffix cannot be attributed to a suffix, that is, if there are two suffixes in a word, then this needs to be shown. Often the word basis or even the ending is taken as a word-formation meaning. This rule needs to be learned and remembered all possible errors, so that when using them to avoid.Common Mistakes When Using Suffixes
As you can see, distinguishing a suffix from an ending is simple. The main thing is to know the rules of the Russian language, learn what suffixes are in different parts of speech and put your knowledge into practice.